fact sheets

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Coal Demand is Cooling


December 2013 | Power Past Coal Coalition
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Derailing Myths About Coal


December 2013 | Power Past Coal campaign
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Economic Impacts of Coal Exports


December 2013 | Power Past Coal campaign
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FAQ on Scope of EIS Studies for Gateway Pacific Terminal (GPT)


July 2013 | Dept. of Ecology
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Health Concerns about Coal Export in the Northwest


December 2013 | Power Past Coal campaign
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Health Impacts from Coal Export


September 2013 | Power Past Coal campaign
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Impacts of the Gateway Pacific Terminal on Aquatic Resources in the Salish Sea and Puget Sound


June 2012 | Power Past Coal
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Impacts to Whatcom County Health and Quality of Life from Increased Rail Traffic Associated with the Gateway Pacific Terminal


June 2012 | RE Sources for Sustainable Communities


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Info Sheet on Longivew Terminal Scoping Hearings

(version 1.0)
September 2013 | Power Past Coal
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Millennium Bulk Terminals Longview (MBTL) proposal, WA Dept. of Ecology


Millennium Bulk Terminals – Longview, LLC (MBTL), with members Ambre Energy North America and Arch Coal, has submitted an application for a proposed coal export terminal which would ultimately export up to 44 million metric tons of coal annually. More info here.

June 2013 | WA Dept of Ecology


Millennium Bulk Terminals, Cowlitz County


More info on the Terminals here. 

June 2013 | Cowlitz County


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Power Past Coal


November 2011 | Power Past Coal campaign
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Power Past Coal: An Overview of Coal Export off the West Coast



June 2013 | Power Past Coal campaign
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The Cumulative Impacts of Coal Export


An explanation of the need for a “programmatic environmental impact statement,” that would provide an opportunity to analyze the “big picture” and give citizens throughout the region an opportunity to weigh in with decisionmakers.

 

April 2012 | Power Past Coal campaign


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The Salish Sea is Sick (Infographic)


The Salish Sea is Sick.

July 2013 | FRIENDS of the San Juans
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Update on the Status of Coal Export in the Northwest


An update of the proposals as of June 2013.

June 2013 | Power Past Coal campaign
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Will Cowlitz County Power Past Coal?

(version 2)
August 2013 | Power Past Coal campaign
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Will King County Power Past Coal?

(version 2)
August 2013 | Power Past Coal campaign
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Will Oregon Power Past Coal?


August 2013 | Power Past Coal campaign
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Will Pierce County Power Past Coal?

(version 2)
August 2013 | Power Past Coal campaign
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Will Pierce County Power Past Coal?

(version 2)
August 2013 | Power Past Coal campaign
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Will Skagit County Power Past Coal?


August 2013 | Power Past Coal campaign
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Will Snohomish County Power Past Coal?


August 2013 | Power Past Coal campaign
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Will Spokane County Power Past Coal?

(version 2)
August 2013 | Power Past Coal campaign
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Will Thurston County Power Past Coal?

(version 2)
August 2013 | Power Past Coal campaign
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Will Whatcom County Cave in to Dirty Coal?


August 2011 | Power Past Coal
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fliers

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Aquatics and Coal


October 2012 | Power Past Coal
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Petition to Oregon officials


December 2011 | Power Past Coal campaign
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Petition to WA officials


December 2011 | Power Past Coal campaign
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Scoping Comment Card


October 2012 | Power Past Coal
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We can do better


April 2014 | Power Past Coal Coalition
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legislation

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Coal Train Export Legislation: Section-by-Section


October 2012 | Office of Congressman Jim McDermott
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True Cost of Coal Act


October 2012
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maps

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Coal Shipping: From Powder River Basin to Cherry Point on BNSF’s Preferred Route


August 2011 | RE Sources
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Coal Shipping: Where Powder River Basin coal goes


A very cool graphic showing distribution volumes from the PRB.

August 2011
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Map of Coal Export in the Northwest (Updated: 6/14/2013)


A great map from the Sierra Club and Shew Design showing the coal export route from Powder River Basin

June 2013
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Montana railways


Map of Montana’s freight and passenger railways, showing possible routes for BNSF and Union Pacific coal trains from the Powder River Basin.

November 2011
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NW Energy Export Facilities


Existing and proposed. PDF version here.

November 2012 | Association of Washington Tribes and the Coast Salish Gathering
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Oregon railways


Map of Oregon’s freight railways, showing possible routes for coal trains along the Union Pacific line to Coos Bay, St. Helens or Boardman.

November 2011 | Oregon DOT
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Washington railways


Map of Washington state’s railways, showing possible routes for coal trains along the BNSF railways to proposed terminals at Cherry Pt., Grays Harbor and Longview, WA.

November 2011 | WA DOT
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reports

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Coal Shipping: The Northwest’s Pipeline on Rails


A comprehensive, region-wide review of all 10 oil-by-rail projects planned in the Pacific Northwest.  Includes: railway volume increase, spillage risks, federal regulations, tar sands transport and  risk to waterways and coast.    

March 2014 | Sightline Institute
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Carbon Offshoring: The Legal and Regulatory Framework for U.S. Coal Exports


This report examines the legal and regulatory framework for U.S. coal exports, focusing in particular on the significant improvements in railroad and port infrastructure that will be necessary in order to boost the volume of overseas coal shipments to the degree anticipated by recent industry projections.

November 2011 | Columbia Law School
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Coal Costs: Environmental Accounting for Pollution in the United States Economy


“This study presents a framework to include environmental externalities into a system of national accounts. The paper estimates the air pollution damages for each industry in the United States.” 

November 2011 | American Economic Association
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Coal Costs: Ambre Energy: Caveat Investor


An in-depth report on Ambre Energy’s financial statements, as well as public records of other companies, reveals extreme financial difficulty.

March 2014 | Sightline Institute
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Coal Costs: Peabody Energy, Gateway Pacific, and the Asian Coal Bubble


A report outlining the financial difficulties facing Peabody Energy decision to transport coal through Gateway Pacific export terminal in Washington.

March 2014 | Sightline Institute
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Coal Costs: The Morrow Pacific Project


Australian firm, Ambre Energy, plans to ship coal by rail to Port of Morrow; however, financial disclosures suggest that the project would face unusually high costs in three areas: 1) high handling costs, 2) high transportation costs, and 3) high capital costs.

March 2014 | Sightline Insistute
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Coal Costs: US Coal Exports and Uncertainty in Asian Markets


An analysis of U.S. coal exporting market stability, and future financial predictions in international markets in terms of geography, proximity and competition.

March 2014 | Sightline Institute
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Coal Dust: A Rail Emission Study: Fugitive Coal Dust Assessment and Mitigation


The physical processes associated with coal dust leaving train cars.

August 2011 | Virginia DEQ conference
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Coal Dust: Bibliography of coal dust articles from BNSF filing with Transportation in 2010


Multiple useful coal-dust related references, most demanding access to academic journal databases.

August 2011 | BNSF
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Coal Dust: Coal Industry’s Threat to Fish and Communities in the Pacific Northwest


A report by the National Wildlife Federation summarizes the adverse impacts that coal export would have on local wildlife, and human health.

March 2014 | National Wildlife Federation
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Coal Dust: Diesel Particulate Matter Emission Factors and Air Quality Implications from In–Service Rail in Washington State


This study evaluates the air quality implications of rail traffic at two sites in Washington State.  The impacts of airborne coal dust  including diesel particulate matter(DPM) and black carbon emission factors (EFs) were analyzed.

April 2014 | Atmospheric Pollution Research
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Coal Dust: Fugitive Coal Dust – An Old Problem Demanding New Solutions


August 2011 | Simpson Weather Associates
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Coal Dust: Fugitive Coal Dust Emissions in Canada 2001


A comprehensive study of coal dust emissions from mine to ship. “Coal Terminals by their nature are active sources of fugitive coal dust.” (p.73)

August 2011 | Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environment
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Coal Dust: Improved Emission Factors for Fugitive Dust from Western Surface Coal Mining Sources


A 1984 study looking at how to analyze coal dust and probable emissions

August 2011 | EPA
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Coal Dust: Minimizing Groundwater Consumption for Required Fugitive Dust Control


A commercial paper which has good numbers on the amount of water needed for dust control at different stages of the terminal processing.

August 2011 | Simpson Weather Associates
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Coal Dust: The Role of Chemicals in Controlling Coal Dust Emissions


Considerable explanation of the background processes that generate coal dust and the use of chemicals to control it.

August 2011 | American Coal Council
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Coal Export FAQ


As North America’s appetite for coal wanes, coal companies are looking to China and other Asian markets to sell US-mined coal. Yet before large volumes of coal can be exported overseas, new shipping terminals would need to be built at port sites in the Northwest. In a new fact-finding report, Sightline examines the potential benefits and potential risks of coal export facilities.

November 2011 | Sightline Institute


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Coal Export: A History of Failure for Western Ports


Communities in Oregon and Washington are weighing the prospect of coal export facilities. Proponents of shipping American coal to Asia argue that coal will bring significant economic benefits to the region. In this research memo, we examine the risks of coal markets, review the history of coal exports on the West Coast, and evaluate the employment dimensions of coal terminals.

November 2011 | Sightline Institute and Columbia Riverkeeper
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Coal Export: The Greenhouse Gas Impact of Exporting Coal from the West Coast


Proponents of the coal export terminals claim that opening up the West Coast to the export of Powder River Basin coal will only change the source of the coal burned in Asia—not the total amount. This white paper explains why these arguments are incorrect, and inconsistent with both the basic principles of economics as well as the abundant literature regarding energy use and consumption patterns in Asia.

November 2011 | http://www.sightline.org/research/energy/coal/Coal-Power-White-Paper.pdf
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Coal Exports From Canada


Virtually all coal exported by Canada is exported from just three ports in British Columbia. Most of it went to Asia, but in recent years very little US coal has been actually been exported through BC ports. Several of the ports are planning to expand their coal capacity, yet even with this additional capacity BC’s existing coal ports could not come close to serving the volumes of Powder River Basin coal planned for Washington’s ports.

November 2011 | www.sightline.org


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Coal Exports: 19th Century Fuel Moves Energy Policy Backwards, Not Forwards


November 2011 | Western Organization of Resource Councils
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Coal Shipping: The Legal and Regulatory Frameworks for U.S. Coal Exports


Columbia Law School’s analysis of the legal and regulatory frameworks for U.S. coal exports.

September 2011 | Columbia Law School
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Coal Shipping: Bulk carrier safety report 1998 – 2007


Bulk carriers have a terrible safety record. This report from the IMO points to the kinds of risks we might expect with more than 400 additional bulk carriers servicing the proposed coal terminal in Washington State’s Cherry Point Aquatic Reserve. test

August 2011 | INTERNATIONAL MARITIME ORGANIZATION
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Coal Shipping: Coal Export Divertion to Canada


This paper analyzes current and projected export capacity in British Columbia, concluding that, if the US does not build export terminals, it is extremely unlikely that US coal companies could divert coal to Canadian ports.

March 2014 | Sightline Institute
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Coal Shipping: Northwest Fossil Fuel Exports


This report examines fossil fuel projects being proposed, built or expanded in the Pacific Northwest including three expanded oil pipelines, six natural gas pipelines and seven expanded coal export terminals.

March 2014 | Sightline Institute
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Coal Shipping: The Facts about Kinder Morgan


Examination of coal shipper Kinder Morgan track record of pollution, law-breaking, and cover-ups.

March 2014 | Sightline Institute
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Coal: Coal Quality and Geochemistry of PRB Coal


Just how “clean” is PRB coal, anyway?

August 2011 | USGS Professional Paper
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Coal: Full cost accounting for the life cycle of coal


Coal is far more expensive than reflected in its cost per kilowatt hour as electricity. Epstein explains the many additional costs society pays for coal, and points to the possibility that we only have a few decades of coal left at current consumption rates.

August 2011 | Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
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Exporting Powder River Basin Coal: Risks and Costs


This white paper by the Western Organization of Resource Councils provides an in-depth analysis of proposals to export Powder River Basin coal to Pacific Rim nations. The report looks at issues related to tripling of train traffic across the northern tier and Pacific Northwest states of Wyoming, Montana, Idaho and Washington. It also details the true costs of coal exports, near mining, transportation and ports, borne by neighboring citizens and businesses. Updated and revised, September 2011.

November 2011 | WORC
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Health: USGS short course on the health impacts of coal


From the USGS: This short course will sort out the facts and fallacies that have been interwoven in this sensitive issue. We will explore questions such as: Are there confirmed cases of health problems? Under what conditions would coal present a threat to human health? What properties of coal are most dangerous? What can the coal science community do about it?

August 2011 | USGS
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Heavy Traffic Ahead: Rail Impacts of Powder River Basin Coal to Asia


Heavy Traffic Ahead identifies costs, many of which would fall on taxpayers, for infrastructure due to increased rail traffic. The price tag for upgrading rail lines, roads and other infrastructure to support proposed coal export facilities on the West Coast could reach into the billions of dollars across the four-state Northwest region.

July 2012 | Western Organization of Resource Councils


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Increased Coal Train Traffic and Real Estate Values


November 2012 | The Eastman Company
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National Rail Freight Infrastructure Capacity and Investment Study


This study is an assessment of the long-term capacity expansion needs of the continental U.S. freight railroads. It provides a first approximation of the rail freight infrastructure improvements and investments needed to meet the U.S. Department of Transportation’s (U.S. DOT) projected demand for rail freight transportation in 2035. The U.S. DOT estimates that the demand for rail freight transportation—measured in tonnage—will increase 88 percent by 2035.

November 2011 | Association of American Railroads
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Traffic Study – Burlington


October 2012 | Gibson Traffic Consultants
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Traffic Study – Edmonds


October 2012 | Gibson Traffic Consultants
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Traffic Study – Edmonds [Attachments]


October 2012 | Gibson Traffic Consultants
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Traffic Study – Marysville


October 2012 | Gibson Traffic Consultants
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Traffic Study – Mt. Vernon


October 2012 | Gibson Traffic Consultants
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Traffic Study – Seattle


October 2012 | Gibson Traffic Consultants
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Traffic Study – Stanwood


October 2012 | Gibson Traffic Consultants
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